March 12, 2018

The International Study of the Allergic Rhinitis Survey: outcomes from 4 geographical regions

Asia Pac Allergy. 2018 Jan;8(1):e7. English.
 https://doi.org/10.5415/apallergy.2018.8.e7 
Desiderio Passali,1 Cemal Cingi,2 Paola Staffa,1 Francesco Passali,3 Nuray Bayar Muluk,4and Maria Luisa Bellussi1
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy.
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Osmangazi University, Faculty of Medicine, 26040 Eskisehir, Turkey.
3ENT Clinic, University of Roma Tor Vergata, 00173 Rome, Italy.
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Kırıkkale University, Faculty of Medicine, 71450 Kırıkkale, Turkey.
Abstract

Background
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem and is characterised by one or more symptoms, including sneezing, itching, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea.
Objective
We investigated the features of AR and the physician's approach to the management of AR patients in four geographical regions.
Methods
In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire survey concerning AR was completed by Honorary and Corresponding Members of the Italian Society of Rhinology from different countries among 4 world geographical regions—Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa.
Results
The prevalence of AR was reported to be 15%–25%. Children and adolescents, as well as young adults, were the age groups more affected by AR with comorbidities of asthma, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, and nasal polyposis. Nasal symptoms of AR were more intense in the spring (51.92%) and autumn (28.85%). The most common aero-allergens were pollen and mites (67.31%), animal dander and pollutants (23.08%), and fungal allergens (21.15%). Allergen-specific immunotherapy was prescribed for both perennial and seasonal allergens (32.69%) via sublingual swallow (46.15%) and subcutaneous (32.69%) routes. For the AR patients, the most prescribed drugs were intranasal corticosteroids (86.54%) and oral H1-antihistamines (82.69%).
Conclusion
A network of experts can improve our knowledge concerning AR epidemiology, and together with guidelines, could assist practitioners and otolaryngologists in standardising the diagnosis and treatment of AR.




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